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What is a Laparoscopic Surgery?
Laparoscopic Surgery also known as minimally invasive surgery is a surgical procedure performed to treat gastro intestinal diseases. Laparoscopic surgery employs very sophisticated equipment and has many advantages over open surgery.
How is Laparoscopic Surgery Performed?
During traditional open surgery the surgeon makes a large incision/cut in the abdomen. In Laparoscopic surgery, also known as “keyhole surgery”, small holes are created in the abdominal wall. The telescope, which is used to visualise organs inside the body, is passed inside the tummy via the navel. The tummy is distended with a gas to make more room. Picture images of the abdominal organs can be viewed on a TV screen. It gives visualization and clarity of the internal organs better than that of conventional surgery since the image is magnified. Two or three small pencil-like instruments are passed on the sides along with it to perform the procedure. Patient won’t feel the pain as he will be under general anesthesia. Once the surgery is performed doctor will remove the laparoscope and the incisions are closed with stitches.
It is virtually painless and cosmetic (skin marks 1 cms or lesser). Your hospital stay is very much reduced so that you can walk home early. Infections and complications are substantially reduced and above all, the trauma of the operation is minimal. There isn’t much restriction in games or sports after surgery
What are the Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery?
The advantages of laparoscopic surgery include:
Low Blood Loss
Less visible scars
What are the common procedures done in laparoscopy?
An appendicectomy (or appendectomy) is the surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. This procedure is normally performed as an emergency procedure, when the patient is suffering from acute appendicitis. Appendicectomy may be performed laparoscopically or as an open operation. Laparoscopy is often used if the diagnosis is in doubt, or if it is desirable to hide the scars in the umbilicus or in the pubic hair line.
Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. Surgery options include the standard procedure, called laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and an older more invasive procedure, called open cholecystectomy.
Laparoscopic CBD Exploration
Common Bile Duct is a tubular structure connecting hepatic duct to the intestine. Obstruction of the bile duct with stones can cause jaundice with fever and chills. Conventional open surgery for retrieval of the stones is the common procedure done in most of the centers. Laparoscopic CBD exploration is a technically demanding single stage surgery, which requires sophisticated instruments like Choledochoscope.
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